Thermal scanners that detect temperatures of passengers inside the Hankou station in Tuesday – Image: Reuters

Chinese President Xi Jinping warned today that the spread of a deadly new virus is accelerating.

The warning came after a special government meeting on the Lunar New Year public holiday.

BBC News reports: “The country is facing a ‘grave situation’ Mr Xi told senior officials, according to state television.

“The coronavirus has killed at least 41 people and infected some 1,400 since its discovery in the city of Wuhan. Travel restrictions have already hit several affected cities.

“And from Sunday, private vehicles will be banned from central districts of Wuhan, the source of the outbreak.

“A second emergency hospital is to be built there within weeks to handle 1,300 new patients, and will be finished in half a month, state newspaper the People’s Daily said. It is the second such rapid construction project: work on another 1,000-bed hospital has already begun.

“Specialist military medical teams have also been flown into Hubei province, where Wuhan is located,” the report said.

“The urgency reflects concern both within China and elsewhere about the virus which first appeared in December.

“Lunar New Year celebrations for the year of the rat, which began on Saturday, have been cancelled in many Chinese cities.

Workers disinfect the Hankou Railway Station in Wuhan – Image: Getty Images

“Across mainland China, travellers are having their temperatures checked for signs of fever, and train stations have been shut in several cities.

“In Hong Kong, the highest level of emergency has been declared and school holidays extended.

“Several other nations are each dealing with a handful of cases, with patients being treated in isolation.”

At this point in time there is no specific cure or vaccine.

“Based on early information, it is believed that only a quarter of infected cases are “severe”, and the dead are mostly – though not exclusively – older people, some of whom have pre-existing conditions,” the report added.

“The Chinese authorities suspect a seafood market that “conducted illegal transactions of wild animals” was the source of the outbreak.”

Meanwhile, the city of Wuhan is “effectively on lockdown, with heavy restrictions on travel in and out, and public transport options from buses to planes cancelled”.

“It is a major population centre with up to 11 million inhabitants – comparable in size to London.

“Pharmacies in the city have begun to run out of supplies and hospitals have been filled with nervous members of the public.

Image: Darren Burchall in China

“Officials have urged people to avoid crowds and gatherings.

“Major Western brands such as McDonald’s and Starbucks have closed in the city and in others nearby.

“The US, France and Russia are among several countries trying to evacuate their nationals from Wuhan, reports say.

“China is also suspending from Monday all foreign trips by Chinese holiday tour groups, state media reported.
“There are now 1,372 confirmed cases across China, though most are concentrated in those provinces closest to Hubei.

“But it has also spread abroad – in isolated cases affecting small numbers of patients.

“On Saturday, Australia confirmed its first four cases – first in Melbourne, and then three more in Sydney.

“It has also spread to Europe, with three cases confirmed in France.

“Tests in the UK on 31 people have come back negative. Officials are trying to trace around 2,000 people who have recently flown to the UK from Hubei province.

“The cases largely involve people who had recently travelled from the affected region in China.

“China’s neighbours in the Asia region are on high alert, however, with cases reported in Thailand, Singapore, Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia, Vietnam, South Korea and Nepal.

“There are also cases in the United States.

“The World Health Organization has not classed the virus as an “international emergency”, partly because of the low number of overseas cases.”

It was also noted that the “Lunar New Year is one of the most important dates in the calendar in China, where millions of people travel home – something that is a problem for preventing the spread of a virus”.

“Authorities have shut major tourist sites including the Forbidden City in Beijing and a section of the Great Wall, and cancelled major public events in other parts of the country, including:

  • Traditional temple fairs in Beijing
  • An international carnival in Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong’s annual football tournament
  • All public Lunar New Year celebrations in Macau

“Shanghai’s Disney Resort is temporarily closing.

“In the capital, Beijing, and also in Shanghai, officials have asked residents who return from affected areas to stay at home for 14 days to prevent the spread of the virus, local media report.”

  • Queues have been growing at hospitals in Wuhan – Image by AFP